Urea,(NH2)2CO, is a colorless organic chemical compound which is also known as carbamide. It is highly soluble in water and has a pKa close to zero. It is not only produced by humans, but also by many other mammals, as well as amphibians and some fish. Urea was the first natural compound to be artificially synthesized using inorganic.
The primary raw material used to manufacture urea is natural gas, which ties the costs directly to gas prices. Consequently, new plants are only being built in areas with large natural gas reserves where prices are lower. The market price for urea is directly related to the world price of natural gas and the demand for agricultural products. Prices can be very volatile, and at times, unpredictable. Azaran International Group is positioned to know the world markets and offer competitive prices.
More than 90 percent of world urea production is destined for use as a nitrogen-release fertilizer. Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use (46.7%). Therefore, it has the lowest transportation costs per unit of nitrogen nutrient. Urea is also used in many multi-component solid fertilizer formulations. Urea is highly soluble in water, therefore, very suitable for use in fertilizer solutions.
- Chemical industry
Urea is a raw material used in the manufacture of many important chemicals, such as:
- Various plastics, especially the Urea-formaldehyde resins.
- Various adhesives, such as Urea-formaldehyde or the urea-melamine-formaldehyde used in marine plywood.
- Potassium cyanate, another industrial feedstock.
- Urea nitrate, an explosive.